1761 Wheatley is quickly purchased by Boston merchant John Wheatley, who purchased the girl for his wife, Susanna. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Purchased by the Boston household of John Wheatley, tailor. Phillis Wheatley Peters was born in West Africa in 1753. From Helicon’s refulgent heights attend,Ye sacred choir, and my attempts befriend:To tell her glories with a faithful tongue,Ye blooming graces, triumph in my song. Although her exact birth location is not known, it was likely Gambia or Senegal. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Meet extraordinary women who dared to bring gender equality and other issues to the forefront. Phillis Wheatley Biography, Life, Interesting Facts. Though she continued writing, fewer than five new poems were published after her marriage. - The Academy of American Poets is the largest membership-based nonprofit organization fostering an appreciation for contemporary poetry and supporting American poets. Her first book, Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral, where many of her poems first saw print, was published there the same year. As a child Phillis was taken into captivity and shipped to Boston where she was sold into slavery at the age of eight to John and Susanna Wheatley who named her Phillis … 1753–1784. Although the date and place of her birth are not documented, scholars believe that Phillis Wheatley was born in 1753 in West Africa, most likely in present-day Gambia or Senegal. A female figure who personifies America. how deck’d with pomp by thee!Thy wond’rous acts in beauteous order stand,And all attest how potent is thine hand. Purchased as a domestic servant for Susanna, the small girl was named after the ship that brought her to Boston, the Phillis , and her master, Wheatley. Born in Gambia, she was made a slave at age seven. Beginning in her early teens she wrote exceptionally mature, if conventional, verse that was stylistically influenced by Neoclassical poets such as Alexander Pope and was largely concerned with morality, piety, and freedom. She was purchased as a personal slave to Susannah Wheatley, wife of tailor John Wheatley, a prominent Boston merchant with a wholesale business, real estate, warehouses, and the schooner London Packet. She was captured as a child and sold into slavery. Phillis Wheatley was the first female African-American to publish a book of poetry and became a well-known poet in the 18th century. Over the next few years, she would print a number of broadsides elegizing prominent English and colonial leaders. She was probably 7 or 8 years old at the time, and she was purchased by John Wheatley for his wife, Susannah. The book includes many elegies as well as poems on Christian themes; it also includes poems dealing with race, such as the often-anthologized “On Being Brought from Africa to America.” She returned to America in 1773. Phillis Wheatley 1753–1784 From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Imagination! Phillis Wheatley, who had once been internationally celebrated, died alone in a boarding house on December 5, 1784. Born in Senegal, Africa in 1753, she was kidnapped on a slave ship to Boston and sold at the age of seven to John and Susannah Wheatley of Boston as Mrs. Wheatley's personal servant. There, in 1761, John Wheatley enslaved her as a personal servant for his wife, Susanna. Introduction. STUDY. Born in Senegambia, Africa she was sold into slavery at the age of 7 and transported to North America. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Born around 1753 in Gambia, Africa, Wheatley was captured by slave traders and brought to America in 1761. When Wheatley was only seven years old she was sold by a local chief to a visiting slave trader. Two books issued posthumously were Memoir and Poems of Phillis Wheatley (1834)—in which Margaretta Matilda Odell, a collateral descendant of Susanna Wheatley, provides a short biography of Phillis as a preface to a collection of her poems—and Letters of Phillis Wheatley, the Negro Slave-Poet of Boston (1864). Unclear precisely when Wheatley was the first known African-American poet to be published Wheatley was the first known poet... Editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article personal qualities even. To exclusive content accomplished something that no other woman of the eighteenth century, possibly the! A West African poet and first African-American woman whose writings helped create the genre of African American literature way! 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